DUTS Design has recently completed the renovation project of a “Super Garage”. This is an abandoned old factory building in Nanhui district of Shanghai, with a construction area of about 900 square meters. After being renovated, it became a “super garage”, including a car modification factory, a sports car museum, an ecological leisure and entertainment area, and a more private office and social club area.
The project is located in Nanhui District, a suburb of Shanghai. It is an old factory built in the last century. The owner is a JDM fan and an amateur racer. He likes automobile racing culture as well as car modification. When he saw this abandoned old factory building, he had the idea of creating a top-level “private garage” of his own.
▲改造前的老厂房 Old factory building before renovation
“We think that as a super racing car club, it needs to have both a showcase space that is eye-catching and a social space that helps better communication. It is a paradise for cars, and at the same time, it is a paradise for car fans.” The owner also has many interesting ideas for the social scene, which carries all his love and dreams for racing cars. At the same time, there are scenes of his work and life here. “The owner hopes to separate a more private social space from a more open social space, but they can talk to each other.”
In a space around 900 square meters, designers need to consider installing a car tuning factory with professional equipment, a world-class supercar showroom, a member space that meets business and leisure needs, and the owner’s own office and Living space.
Abandoned old factory transformed into a “Super Auto Club”
Infinite imagination still starts from the core “Automobile”. Using the longest “diagonal line” in the rectangular space of the old factory building, the designers of DUTS created a “sharp slash” like a racing car passing by, making the division of space echo the speed of a speeding car.
After the old factory was abandoned, there was still a huge honing car. When the designers of DUTS design saw this space, the first inspiration was “we can create a flying house that can be moved”. Although this crazy idea was cancelled in the end due to safety hazards, but the design idea of “creating the experience of flying house” for the people in the space is still retained.
Suspended Light House： Realizing scene division by structure
After continuous space deduction, based on the unique floor height conditions of the old factory building(9m), the designers of DUTS design used the structural reinforcement of the old factory building to reshape the spatial form. The designer smartly used the structural form of the overhead floor to create and realize a perfect floorplan with multiple functions and the natural transformation of different scenes.
“The old factory building has unique floor height conditions, which can not be met in ordinary spaces. First of all, we reorganized the depth scale of the space in accordance with the needs of the owner. After determining the direction of structural transformation, with overhead mezzanine, the scenes with different functions could be separated naturally. At the same time, they can also have plenty of interesting interactions and dialogues in the same space.” mentioned by Zhong Ling, founder and chief architect of DUTS design.
▲最终的空间推导过程 final space deduction
The designer created an overhead, pure “floating house” in this industrial factory. The mezzanine area on the second floor is a more private life and social scene for the owner, while under the overhead area on the first floor, it is a more open dream paradise for people who love super cars.
▲利用架空的空间，让不同功能属性的场景形成天然的区隔，同时，它们又可以在同一空间里形成有趣的对话 with overhead mezzanine, the scenes with different functions could be separated naturally,while they can have plenty of interesting interactions in the same space
▲一层平面布局 Floor plan of 1st floor
▲二层平面布局Floor plan of mezzanine
▲钢结构搭建施工现场 On-site photos of steel structure construction
▲废弃老厂房变身后的“超级车库”立面 Facade of the “Super Garage” after the transformation of an abandoned old factory
The front entrance of the space faces the large-scale super car exhibition area, with two luminous and liftable turntables are placed in the huge exhibition hall. The most beautiful but aggressive vehicles of the owner and clients are proudly displayed on them. They are the well-deserved protagonists in this “super garage” and attract people’s first glance. Surrounded by lights, they are like heroes in a priceless gallery.
▲改造前的厂房内部 BEFORE：Inside the old factory building
▲改造后的“超级车库”内部 AFTER：Super Garage“
The 9-meter height of the old factory itself and the mezzanine space recreated by the designer in the large space also make it full of more possibilities. This can be a supercar club, museum, vehicle modification and repair factory, super conference, fashion show, and even an art installation space. From the pure “suspended light box” down the stairs to enter the exhibition hall space, you can imagine that irresistible, from the charm of super cars.
The entrance to the workshop for repairing and refitting auto parts is located on the side elevation, forming a natural separation from the front hall. The ordinary factory facade was transformed into a Pit House style for a racing team. There are professional equipment and workstations, details created with the mind of a craftsman： an integrated vehicle warranty process, customized modification and assembly materials, more professional automotive industry equipment added to the super garage, created extraordinary entertainment experience for auto fans and a stage of passion for the automotive industry. For auto fans, more possibilities are being realized.
▲改造前的侧立面 BEFORE：Side facade
▲改造后的侧立面，采用了赛车车队的P房（Pit house)风格 AFTER：Side facade with the style of pit house for automobile racing team
The futuristic space brings people into the mood of “The Fast and The Furious” in one second.
All moving lines take into account the driving in and out of cars. They are the real owners here. Cars can turn and go in and out comfortably in the space, as well as rest in the “garage” .
The mezzanine area on the second floor is a more private living space for the owner, with the attribute of “home”. The owner’s “Wish List” for the Super Garage also includes life and social scenes that fit his work and life habits. He can enjoy a Chinese tea ceremony, play simulated racing game, billiards and watch football games with his friends.
At the same time, this space is full of warm family atmosphere. His children can enjoy going up and sliding down, playing in the place surrounding by the green plants in the sunny afternoon, while adults can drink coffee in the semi-outdoor scene and share their desire for cars. The slide that naturally extends from the second floor becomes a paradise for children to play freely.
“Casper is my son’s English name. This super garage is a super auto club I built for my desire of cars. I also hope it would be a dream paradise for my own life”, the owner mentioned.
In the area close to the outdoors, the designer opened the doors and windows of the original factory closed layout, and introduced natural light with large glass windows to create a natural ecological semi-outdoor recreation area, which is also a place for social and resting.
▲改造前封闭的厂房门窗 BEFORE：Closed factory doors and windows
▲将原有厂房封闭格局的门窗打开，以大玻璃窗引入自然光线，打造出一片生态半户外休憩区 AFTER：Semi-outdoor resting area by introducing natural light into glass windows
Redefine contemporary “industrial style” with humanity and natural ecology
The fa?ade of the reconstructed building retains the original industrial style of the old factory building. The log material is used at the entrance of the space to increase the sense of humanity and tolerance, and the huge plane tree outside the original factory building is also preserved. “I like the big trees in front of garage very much. I hope to make the auto garage not only a style of cold technology, but also feel more energetic and vigorous.”
▲老厂房的外立面 BEFORE：front facade of the factory building
▲改造后的外立面，通过室外光线的引入和生态绿植，增加包容感 AFTER：increases its warmth and inclusiveness by introducing outdoor sunlight and plants
“The old factory has a sense of industrial power and coldness,which is quite compatible with automobiles, the outstanding product of the industrial age. We have retained this sense of power and made it more refined. At the same time, Through the introduction of outdoor sunlight and ecological green plants, it increases its warmth and inclusiveness.”
▲工业的冷峻感 Industrial coldness
▲木色与光影的对话。光影婆娑为冷峻的工业化空间中带来更开放，生态，包容的社交氛围 Dialogue between wood color and light. Light and shadow bring a more open, ecological and inclusive humanistic atmosphere to the austere industrialized space
The hard decoration of the entire space uses the most basic materials such as terrazzo, mirror stainless steel, and logs to create a new industrial style experience that is more futuristic and inclusive. The designer hopes to maximize the space to highlight the characteristics of the car itself. The pure white light box, the black car assembly area and the upper and lower layers of the mezzanine, the interaction of black and white brings an immersive atmosphere.
▲上与下，黑和白的多维互动 Up and down, black and white multi-dimensional interaction
▲不锈钢的褶皱镜面为空间增加了更多的潮玩元素，也与整体空间形成更多有趣的互动 The pleated mirror surface of stainless steel adds more trendy elements to the space, and also forms more interesting interactions with the overall space
The common love for cars has brought together like-minded partners, architects who have built extraordinary structures with extraordinary imagination, and the ingenuity of polishing the details, making the abandoned old factory buildings a brand new “super garage”. The newly defined industrial style and the inclusive and open social scene give this extreme love for cars more infinite possibilities.
“Super Garage”, for the ultimate, for the desire, for the dream.
▲一层平面图，floor plan – 1F
▲二层（夹层）平面图，floor plan – 2F
项目名称：Casper Auto Garage
Project name：Casper Auto Garage
Location：NO.138 Tao Qiao Road, Nanhui District, Shanghai, P.R. China
Architect in charge：Ling Zhong
Architectural design：Yingqi Hu, Jiangjian Su, Michael Shi, Zhe Xiang, Hui Zhao, Wangda Wu
Structural Engineer：XinY Structural Consultants