古建新生New Life of Ancient Buildings
Wuxi is one of the birthplaces of Jiangnan civilization. It is bordered by Taihu Lake in the south, Yangtze River in the north. Suzhou is in its east and Changzhou is in its west. There are numerous famous mountains and springs within the territory. The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, which has a history of thousands of years, passes through the old city and runs through Nanchang Street. In ancient villages, villagers’ houses are built along the river, and HEYTEA stores are also located in there. This old house built near the river has three floors, with the historical imprint of the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China. Before restoring, repairing and transforming the space, the design team tried to deduce the whole life cycle of the whole building, and was very cautious about this.
Designers believe that the key to the old renovation project lies in grasping the degree of renovation. That is, how to choose or balance between the new and the old, between culture and commerce, between function and aesthetics, between history and self-expression. Based on this thinking, the designers set the design criteria for HEYTEA Wuxi Nanchang Street Store:
The true·Try best to keep the authenticity of the whole building.
The good·Conduct adaptive transformation on the space, so as to offer the same kindness to tourists and customers.
The beautiful·Connecting the past with the present, satisfying the curiosity of young people in a meaningful way.
留·结构之美Reservation · Beauty of Structure
The historical buildings are so precious due to their “the solidification of time”. Buildings in different periods show the characteristics of different ages, and they record the historical context and folk customs with a role of bearing real life scenes. Most of the buildings in the region of the south of the yangtze river are built into streets and cities along the water system and have their own systems. Ancient craftsmen condensed their creative methods and design techniques into architecture. If it is not necessary, these buildings cannot be changed. Once changed, these features cease to exist.
Consequently, the design team retained the ancient and natural appearance and general structure of the building. Whiling treating the interior decoration of these buildings, the simple and elegant style of traditional dwellings is extended, and local experienced masters and craftsmen are invited to reinforce and repair the building structure and wooden components. The design team followed the original repair method of the building, repairing, polishing and polishing carved wooden windows, wooden doors, wooden structure beams and columns, in order to keep the true beauty of wood and the traces left by years to the maximum extent.
As required by the function of the building, the designer used lightweight I-beams to reinforce the building. The steel grooves are presented as they are, without decoration. These steel grooves, together with the original beams and columns, present the structural beauty of the building. Architectural structure is just like biological skeleton. Because of the difference of skeleton structure, the form of architecture is different. Designers use the abstract technique of Chinese rhythm and rhythm to camp the structure of the building, and use the structural frame scene to lay out the observation deck, so that the surrounding scenery can be fully viewed.
拆·以光之名Demolition ·Because of light
In China, it always takes facing south as the positive direction, and the essence of this concept lies in the demand for sunshine and the worship of the sun. Traditional dwellings in Wuxi are also pursuing positive direction in building construction, but the old houses built along the river are limited by the waterway direction, so they cannot take into account the architectural orientation as they wish. In addition, its architecture presents the texture form of “river-house-street”, which is limited in depth, so the space of the building can only be extended upwards. The upper part of the building served as a residence, and the lower part served as a commercial store, which was a typical product of Wuxi’s national industry and commerce in the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China. Since it is changed from the depth series of the ground plane to the spatial superposition of height, the problems of insufficient indoor lighting and air circulation in these buildings have become more and more serious.
The ancient buildings along the river in Nanchang Street generally have the defect of insufficient lighting,the same is true of HEYTEA store. Designers are used to tearing down walls and opening windows to improve the problem of low lighting difference. It is not difficult to use today’s technology to install the whole glass, but it will definitely destroy the original form of the building. Inspired by Wuxi’s traditional residence “Crab Eye Patio”, the designer creatively opened the second and third floors by the window, so that the sunlight can completely shine from the upper space of the building to its bottom. With the change of light and shadow in four seasons and dusk, light can shine into the room through window grilles, thus forming an independent time landscape. Bright and soft diffuse reflection with historical charm makes indoor objects “live”.
The empty space in the middle connects the upper and lower floors in series. This design makes the air between floors that is not convective realize convection. The vertical spatial relationship makes the dynamic lines presented by the building extend upward. When customers walk into such a space, they can see the interior space of the building at a glance from top to bottom.Meanwhile, they can also enjoy the complete facade structure of the whole building from the front. The crosswind window can bring the outdoor scene into the line of sight of the building, and the repetition and extension of the center of the back pattern constitute a sharp sense of contrast such as thickness, density and straightness. Grey tiles on the roof are stacked in fish scales, and rafters, purlins and beam frames are overlapped and arranged in their respective order, which sets off the unpretentious space with real material beauty and order beauty.
改·活化空间Change · Activate space
As the epitome of historical context, historical buildings are composed of a city’s social changes, folk customs, geographical environment and many other factors. It contains the precipitation of years and the temperature of culture, which is not available in new buildings. However, the renovation of historical buildings can not simply restore and repair them, but what we need to do more is to update their outdated parts. For example, the outdated functions are transformed into functions that meet the needs of modern people, and new elements are integrated into them to make them conform to the aesthetics of modern people, thus narrowing the distance between modern people and history.
The contrast and combination of old and new permeates the whole space, which is embodied in architectural space, furniture combination, overall layout, material details and so on. Designers use modern stainless steel, terrazzo and other materials to make it contrast with the original building materials. On the overall pavement inside the building, designers adopt those materials that can bring people a sense of closeness, and the design of local ceiling is to avoid trunking water pipes. Cement paint, art paint and white stainless steel paint gradually melt into the space, while green plants embellish it and show a natural vitality.
The design of the reception desk on the first floor draws lessons from the embryonic form of the front desk of a modern hotel, with stairs built against the wall and a beverage making room on the second floor. Horizontal space is mainly composed of L-shaped and Z-shaped space modules.
The guardrail that plays the role of half wall is outlined at the edge of the building, and the transparent material appears pure white under strong light, which brings youthful trend to the space and forms a light sense of space. This design, together with the staggered steps, weakens the sense of height and closure caused by enclosure.
兴·以商哺文Business flourished. Feed culture with commerce
The relationship between people and architecture has been in a dynamic development, with the characteristics of the times. The real value of historical buildings lies in cultural authenticity and social selectivity. The history of Nanchang Street can be traced back to the 10th century AD. It was once a post road opened in Northern Song Dynasty, parallel to Ancient Canal. Now, it has changed from a traditional residential area to a characteristic block of cultural and creative industries, and is developing in the direction of an international tourist destination integrating heritage tourism, leisure vacation and cultural and artistic appreciation experience. Therefore, under this background, it is particularly important for it to seek the pattern of developing business with culture and feeding culture with business.
There are always fragmentary fragments that can awaken people’s deep emotional resonance within old buildings through a long history. When people walk in the interior of a building, the strong intuitive feeling of its space comes from the beam frame structure and enclosed interface on the one hand, and the combined effect of furniture on the other hand.
The design of a bench chair inside the building is inspired by the ancient lunch box basket, which is made of terrazzo, a modern stone. The designer engraved the brand mark on the demolished floor, and embedded the seat light belt horizontally into the wall, which became a memory mark connecting the past and the present together in the space. The design inspiration of the atrium seat on the second floor comes from the tree pool in the old street. When people lean against the crosswind window, they can see that the water of the Millennium Canal is surging, enjoy the style of the ancient house community with the winding and continuous river course, ups and downs, and experience the scene of Jiangnan hidden in the bustling depths.
Among the various footprints left by many human beings in the land where they live, some have already disappeared, some are ruined, and few can be completely preserved. The historical buildings are renovated and transformed by modern methods on the premise of respecting historical authenticity and architectural integrity, and the real feelings and patterns of Jiangnan are presented to people by using the geographical location and characteristic structure of the buildings, vividly showing us the scenes with real vitality and attraction rooted in social reality and local tradition.
The essence of a high-quality commercial space is a cultural gathering place, which is the carrier of history and civilization in a specific region. HEYTEA characteristic stores are spread all over many landmark historical blocks in cities, which has become the best way to explore the organic integration of local culture and new business. Explore more splendid cultural scenery with brand-new tea brand, and stimulate more cutting-edge inspiration thinking. We believe that Rome was not built in one day. Chinese civilization will continue to stretch long and unbroden and last forever.
▲现场拆除后 The scene after the site is demolished
▲平面图 Plane graph
项目名称 : 喜茶无锡南长街灵感特色店
项目面积 : 240㎡项目名称
项目业主 : HEYTEA喜茶
设计公司 : UND设计事务所
参与设计 : 李家威 黎顺来 钟迪生 彭健
主要材料 : 水磨石 乱纹不锈钢 不锈钢烤白漆 艺术肌理漆 渐变喷砂玻璃
特别鸣谢 : 喜茶团队
项目摄影 : 程小乐
Project name : HeyTea Wuxi Nanchang Street Inspiration Individuality Store
Project area : 240㎡
Project owner : HEYTEA
Design company : UND Design studio
Chief Designer : Ma Yingkang; Ma Yanhao; Zhang Mingtong; Wang Runwei; Huang Shubin
Participate as a member of design group : Li Jiawei; Li Shunlai; Zhong Disheng; Peng Jian.
Major Material : Terrazzo, stainless steel, stainless steel baking white paint, artistic texture paint, gradient sandblasted glass.
Special thanks to : HEYTEA Group
Project photographer : Cheng Xiaole