最早提出“中介空间”这一概念，并对其释义的是阿尔多·凡·艾克(Aldo van Eyck)，意在创造出更多富有人性的建筑空间，他将中介空间分为狭义和广义中介空间，其中狭义中介空间更多关注于室内空间与室外空间的过渡融合，而广义中介空间，则从单体建筑的内外空间延伸至整体城市规划层面。此后又有日本建筑师黑川纪章，提出了 “灰空间”理论。他认为灰空间本质为中介空间中的一类，能够缓解现代建筑和城市原有空间的割裂感，以此减少建筑空间性质过于绝对而导致的人类感情上的疏远。
Aldo van Eyck was the first to propose the concept of “intermediary space”, and it was interpreted by Aldo van Eyck, who intended to create more humane architectural spaces. He divided the intermediary space into a narrow sense and a broad sense. Intermediary space, the narrow intermediary space pays more attention to the transition and integration of indoor space and outdoor space, while the general intermediary space extends from the internal and external space of a single building to the overall urban planning level. After that, Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa proposed the “gray space” theory. He believes that gray space is essentially a kind of intermediary space, which can alleviate the sense of separation between modern architecture and the original space of the city, thereby reducing the emotional alienation of humans caused by the over-absolute nature of architectural space.
▲研究院办公室内的“中介空间” “Intermediate space” in the office
The project was designed to introduce the concept of “intermediate space” which originated from the concept of architecture and urban design, and was transformed into the most important program-generating strategy of this project of Chongqing Consumer Goods Design and Research Institute commissioned by Bo le Industrial Design Group.
▲原始内部空间状况 Internal space condition of the Site
The office of Chongqing Institute is located on the top floor of Ba Nan Sports Center, Ba Nan District, Chongqing.The original building space seems like the pattern of our common office buildings： rectangular space, enclosed by the architectural structure of the interior, glass curtain wall, the overall plane lack of change. We hope to break the normal pattern of office space and create an overall open pattern, while ensuring the relative independence space to meet the needs of office functions.
▲“中介空间”内部的纯白色内腔 The pure white internal cavity of the intermediate space
▲空间生成策略 Design strategy for generating space
Fang runwu, the founder of Ray&Emilio studio, and Wang Minghao, the partner of Ray&Emilio studio, In the interior space design of this case, it is also very obvious, based on the two consistent interior space construction model language design ideas. In the design of Chongqing Consumer Goods Design and Research Institute, an important spatial structure was deliberately implanted： stepping out of the traffic core tube on the floor, entering an organic polygonal pure white cavity space before entering the office space. This space is defined as “intermediary space” of the office.
▲办公区域、中介长廊与外走廊形成的多重维度空间 The multidimensional space of office area and intermediate corridor and outer corridor
The essence of the intermediary space is space, which has certain functions and special forms according to the living memory of the present person. For example, corridor space in traditional Chinese buildings has a variety of functions, such as leisure entertainment, interactive conversation, transportation, viewing and so on, while acting as a brokering space.
▲“中介浮岛”与“海域”的关系 Relations between Intermediate Island and Sea Area
▲平面图 The Layout
In Chongqing Consumer Goods Design and Research Institute, this space integrates a series of “floating island”-style spaces such as reception space, design display gallery, multiple meeting rooms, and DMF material research room. These floating islands are combined into a continuous “display / gallery”. In this implanted space, the internal materials are homogeneous and pure white color space, and the curved steel plate which used in the exterior wall of the building is used to shape the facade of the installation body outside the space body, and is the remaining “sea area”-office space Provides an outdoor atmosphere in a meaningful indoor space.
▲ 纯白色的中介长廊 The pure white intermediary gallery
The “intermediate gallery” becomes a positive part of the plane space, which centralizes all public functions and views them as a unified internal building. All but “office” is filled in a negative way. The biting interpolation between the two gives a fold, hierarchical and variable inner space system, which transforms the original single space into complete function, effectively transforms the space operation logically into a intermediate structure that can be interpreted and perceived. The intersection between the two forms the internal and external boundary, and is also the intersection of space to continuously convert and cross.
▲通过一些列窗口界面看到远景的空间片段 The space segment of the vision is seen through a series of windows
▲ 纯白色的中介长廊 The pure white intermediary gallery
▲建筑轴测图 Model of architectural axis
The product gallery formed by the “Intermediary Corridor” eliminates a single pass attribute, allowing the space to flow in multiple dimensions. These dynamic spaces promote the occurrence of activities and movements, and also promote the connection of spaces in multiple dimensions. As the angle of light incident and the person’s observation position in the space change, the light-dark junction of the curved curved wall will also change. This gives the internal space a sense of time and dynamics, making people in the space every time. A small change in position will cause a huge difference in perception of space. Each individual participating in this space can become a landscape for other observers in the course of its own movement, making the space no longer a simple three-dimensional physical space, but It has become a series of dynamic space theaters created with multiple dimensions inside and outside.
This is a “simultaneous theater” in which different behaviors are juxtaposed in multiple dimensions of the space, similar to a Cubist collage. The juxtaposition of these behaviors results in another state of the space, allowing the space It can show the complex variety of events in the smallest physical level, while the continuous spatial structure regulates the logic behind the complexity. This requires not only a rational system as the support in the construction of space, but also a narrative expression.
▲窗口形成的框景，定义了内部的剧场感空间 The frame of the window defines the internal theatre space
▲内部剧场空间的营造 The frame of the window defines the internal theatre space
This centralized definition of “intermediary space” also brings an another benefits. We can control limited costs centrally. The “Intermediary Corridor” space built with centralized costs can be centralized, such as meeting rooms, CMF research rooms, etc The expressive public space, while the rest of the negative space adopts the simplest way, with dark nude tops and some spotlights, so that the working position naturally occurs in these gaps. Bringing the quality of space maximization with the least cost is also brought by the clear spatial structure logic.
▲多个维度的空间并置 Multiple dimensions is concurrent